This article discusses the topic of altered mental status in patients. It emphasizes the importance of proper patient assessment in determining the cause of altered mental status. Altered mental status refers to any change in a person's mental functioning, such as confusion or disorientation. The article highlights the various factors that can contribute to altered mental status, such as medical conditions, medications, and external factors. It emphasizes the need for healthcare professionals to conduct a thorough evaluation to identify the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment.